17. Women in the Pauline Churches

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Margaret Y. MacDonald

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch17

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

MacDonald, M. Y. (2011) Women in the Pauline Churches, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch17

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. St. Francis Xavier University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • women in the Pauline Churches - scholars, untangling contradictory impressions and ambiguities in Paul's thought, concerning women and gender;
  • women, manuscript evidence and translation - Translation and Phoebe's role;
  • modern biblical translation, greatly affected - by research on early Christian women;
  • shift from the Revised Standard Version (RSV) - to the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV), with respect to terminology describing Phoebe;
  • Nympha, Junia and manuscript variation - translation affected directly by manuscript variation;
  • 1Corinthians 14:34–35 as an interpolation - textual criticism of the New Testament, role in theories, interpolation within letters;
  • scholars, being convinced that women - as Phoebe or Junia, a good measure of social freedom, reflecting advances in social freedom and public visibility;
  • Women patrons: Chloe and Phoebe - Chloe's role, explored with respect to the role of women patrons in Pauline communities;
  • Paul's pronouncements on women and gender;
  • First Corinthian 7, bringing together in text - recurring aspects of Paul's pronouncements on women and gender


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Women, Manuscript Evidence, and Translation

  • Female Collaborators and Leaders in their Jewish and Greco-Roman Settings

  • Paul's Pronouncements on Women and Gender

  • References