21. Chrysostom

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Christopher A. Hall1,2

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch21

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Hall, C. A. (2011) Chrysostom, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch21

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Eastern University, USA

  2. 2

    Palmer Theological Seminary, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople - in late fourth and early fifth centuries, one of the great expositors, great lovers of the apostle Paul;
  • Chrysostom's love for Paul - evidenced in his lively and evocative descriptions of the apostle;
  • The Grace of God, and what characterizes Chrysostom's interpretation - Paul's teaching concerning the grace of God;
  • God's grace, not monergistically - coercing human beings into the kingdom of God;
  • Chrysostom, finding it difficult to describe the relationship - the human will and God's will, being insistent that our choices are free;
  • Chrysostom, the source of human evil - in a perverted or disobedient choice, the choice (proairesis) of an evil thing in preference to a good;
  • Chrysostom, not seeing the sin of Adam - as crippling or distorting human nature itself, our choices determining our ultimate destiny;
  • justification by faith and the Cross of Christ;
  • faith in Christ, to clothe oneself with Christ - a clothing occurring in the waters of baptism, in inner transformation into Christ's image;
  • transformation in Christ - Chrysostom's exegesis of Romans 6, his understanding of Paul's teaching on transformation in Christ


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Grace of God

  • Justification by Faith and the Cross of Christ

  • Faith

  • Transformation in Christ

  • The Holy Spirit

  • The Church

  • References