22. Augustine

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Lewis Ayres

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch22

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Ayres, L. (2011) Augustine, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch22

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. Durham University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • Augustine - Paul against the Manichees Paul, being of immense importance to Augustine;
  • Paul's texts, subjected to different and hotly contested readings - by Manichees, and by Catholic Christians;
  • Augustine seeing Scripture as a divine rhetorical performance - ordered by the Spirit;
  • Paul as the Teacher of Grace - how Augustine read Paul, returning to the content of his reading;
  • Augustine's reading, being very different - resting on two clear principles;
  • Augustine saying, human beings with a desire - aiming toward what delights them;
  • turning back to Augustine's reading of Romans 9 - asking about overall purpose of the work;
  • hardest thing for the modern reader - how Augustine thinks that grace and human freedom intertwine;
  • “Poured into our Hearts” - Augustine's theology of the Spirit, along consistent lines, early in his career;
  • “The Fount of Love” in early years of the fifth century - Augustine's pneumatology, undergoing development, appealing to those passages


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Paul against the Manichees

  • How Does Augustine Read?

  • Paul as the Teacher of Grace

  • Paul against Pelagius

  • “Poured into our Hearts”

  • “The Fount of Love”

  • References