23. Aquinas

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Matthew Levering

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch23

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Levering, M. (2011) Aquinas, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch23

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. University of Dayton, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • Aquinas, as “instrument” - Paul, being known in terms of his “makeup, contents, use and fruit”;
  • Thomas Aquinas, treating the person of Paul - Thomas Ryan pointing out, Aquinas interpreting Paul's vocation in light of Acts 9:15;
  • lecturing on Scripture - the primary labor of a medieval magister;
  • Aquinas on Paul, Summa theologiae II-II, qq. 23–25 - Romans: God's free gift and our embodied righteousness;
  • Aquinas, asking this question in article 12 of question 24 - in answer, again quoting Romans;
  • Aquinas explaining, “Our bodies can be considered in two ways”;
  • “Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful” - verse standing at the beginning of a passage in which Paul connects charity with virtuous qualities;
  • 2 Corinthians: Body, spirit, and participation in the Holy Spirit;
  • 2 Corinthians, helping Aquinas - that our bodies and sinners should be objects of charity;
  • Ephesians, Galatians, Colossians, 1 and 2 Timothy - avoiding misunderstandings, Aquinas, drawing on these letters, to engage central themes for theology of charity


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Aquinas on Paul: Summa theologiae II-II, qq. 23–25

  • Aquinas on Paul: Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians

  • Concluding Reflections

  • References