24. Luther

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Mickey L. Mattox

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch24

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Mattox, M. L. (2011) Luther, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch24

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. Marquette University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • Luther, at the outset of any consideration of Luther's reading of Paul - noting that the man himself was not a Pauline scholar;
  • Luther's theology, pored over them with great care - first struggling to understand the relationship, between the law of God and the gospel of Jesus Christ;
  • for Protestants, the gospel as Luther understood it - the very core of Reformation faith;
  • re-reading of Luther, theologically - releasing the great Reformer from his forced conscription;
  • Luther's knowledge of the Bible - and familiarity with the writings of Paul;
  • primer in Luther's soteriology - preface to Romans, offering answers to such questions;
  • Romans, and this corpus - being surely impressive;
  • Luther, believing he had learned a great deal from Paul - penning for the 1545 edition of his Latin writings;
  • Grace and gift: Romans 5:12–15 - law and gospel, faith and works, belief and unbelief, the grace and the gift of God;
  • Luther's Paul: A “divided self” - a long Catholic tradition, stretching back at least to Augustine


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Luther on Paul

  • Reading Luther, Reading Paul

  • Luther's Knowledge of the Bible and Familiarity with the Writings of Paul

  • Romans

  • References