35. Christian Theology: The Spirit

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Ralph Del Colle

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch35

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Del Colle, R. (2011) Christian Theology: The Spirit, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch35

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. Marquette University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • Christian theology - the Spirit;
  • pneumatology (theology of the Spirit) - approached in either of two ways, analogy with Christology being helpful;
  • Christology, traditionally focusing - on the person of Jesus Christ, how Christ is both human and divine;
  • Paul's view of the Spirit, being consistent with later doctrinal developments - in Paul, distinction between agency of the Spirit and that of God the Father;
  • Paul's way of speaking of the relationships - between God, the risen Christ, and the Spirit finding “its most lasting expression in a Trinitarian understanding of God”;
  • identification of Christ with the Spirit, a long history - hearkening back to Wilhelm Bousset, “two entities” Kyrios and Pneuma “merging”;
  • Pauline studies, while dated in many ways - lending itself to the present debate, over Christological and pneumatological identity and distinction;
  • equivalence between the Thomistic invisible missions - of Son and Spirit and the Pauline experiential matrix of the risen Christ and the Spirit;
  • recent turn to Spirit - christologies in contemporary systematic theology, much to learn from Paul and disputes in Pauline scholarship reviewed;
  • The gospel, Christian initiation, and the knowledge of God - Paul making no direct reference to the Holy Spirit in his own conversion account (Gal 1:12–24)


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Person of the Holy Spirit

  • The Work of the Holy Spirit

  • Conclusion

  • References