37. Christian Theology: The Church

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Nicholas M. Healy

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch37

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Healy, N. M. (2011) Christian Theology: The Church, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch37

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, St. John's University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • Christian theology - the Church;
  • Paul's remarks about the Christian community, its relation to God - brief comment to extended discussions;
  • Paul, influencing ecclesiological inquiry - through his broader conception of Christianity, in his teaching about Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit;
  • Augustine's far more nuanced understanding of history - derived from his theology;
  • Augustine saying, the church encompassing - the saints in heaven, heavenly and the earthly church having distinct attributes;
  • John of Damascus (John Damascene), last of the Greek Fathers - treatise, On the Orthodox Faith (OF);
  • Thomas Aquinas, drawing heavily upon Augustine and Augustine's reading of Paul - addressing a new situation, the Western rediscovery of Aristotle;
  • Pope Boniface VIII's bull, Unam Sanctam in 1302 - justifying his authority over King Phillip the Fair of France, a different kind of medieval ecclesiology;
  • ecclesiology of Martin Luther, recovering elements of Paul's theology of the church - or many other elements;
  • reformed theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1834) - called “the father of modern theology”


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Paul's Ecclesiological Motifs

  • Augustine

  • John of Damascus

  • Thomas Aquinas

  • Pope Boniface

  • Martin Luther

  • Friedrich Schleiermacher

  • Johann Adam Möhler

  • Karl Barth

  • Vatican II (1962–1965)

  • Conclusion

  • References