7. The Pastoral Epistles

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. I. Howard Marshall

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch7

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Marshall, I. H. (2011) The Pastoral Epistles, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch7

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. University of Aberdeen, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • the Pastoral epistles;
  • Pastoral epistles, set of three letters known - by this title since the eighteenth century;
  • the letters, regarded as what they prima facie appear to be - compositions of Paul himself addressed to his co-workers;
  • one line of study, proposing that the effect of the Pastorals - influence the way in which the earlier Pauline letters are read and understood;
  • Paul himself, not taking the step of pressing - for the freeing of all slaves;
  • The Letters, reading the letters as they stand - since this is how they were meant to be read, whether or not Paul himself wrote them;
  • Timothy, also known from Paul's other letters (and Acts) - as a missionary companion of Paul;
  • Second Timothy, in a different style, called “parenetic” - written in terms of friendship and personal encouragement;
  • theology, that comes to expression in the letters;
  • the problems of the Pastorals - difficulties with the traditional setting and authorship


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Letters as They Stand

  • The Theology that Comes to Expression in the Letters

  • The Problems of the Pastorals

  • References