23. Immigrants and Education

  1. Bradley A. U. Levinson3 and
  2. Mica Pollock4
  1. Margaret A. Gibson1 and
  2. Jill P. Koyama2

Published Online: 14 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444396713.ch23

A Companion to the Anthropology of Education

A Companion to the Anthropology of Education

How to Cite

Gibson, M. A. and Koyama, J. P. (2011) Immigrants and Education, in A Companion to the Anthropology of Education (eds B. A. U. Levinson and M. Pollock), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444396713.ch23

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Indiana University, USA

  2. 4

    Harvard, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Emeritus of Education and Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA

  2. 2

    Buffalo, State University of New York, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 JUL 2011
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405190053

Online ISBN: 9781444396713



  • roles, experiences, and institutions - immigrants and education;
  • anthropologists, examining educational experiences - of immigrant-origin;
  • immigrant/involuntary minority typology;
  • Ogbu, maintaining that learning - “is a common human phenomenon…discontinuities”;
  • shortcomings of cultural–ecological theory;
  • cultural ecology theory - sharp criticism for being overly deterministic;
  • accommodation and acculturation without assimilation;
  • segmented assimilation - immigrant and refugee populations;
  • membership and marginalization - in school settings;
  • theoretical insights, into educational experiences - of immigrant children and youth


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Immigrant/Involuntary Minority Typology

  • Shortcomings of Cultural–Ecological Theory

  • Accommodation and Acculturation without Assimilation

  • Segmented Assimilation

  • Achievement Motivation, Dual Frame of Reference, and Subtractive Schooling

  • Grand Theory Versus Localized Studies

  • Identity Formation: Negotiation and Contestation

  • Membership and Marginalization in School Settings

  • Successfully Educating Immigrant Children

  • Transnationalism and Cultural Citizenship

  • Concluding Thoughts

  • Acknowledgements

  • References