10. Assessment of Non-Motor Features of Parkinson's Disease: Scales and Rating Tools

  1. C. Warren Olanow MD, FRCPC3,4,5,
  2. Fabrizio Stocchi MD, PhD6 and
  3. Anthony E. Lang MD, FRCPC7,8,9
  1. Christopher G. Goetz MD1 and
  2. Cristina Sampaio MD, PhD2

Published Online: 27 JUN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444397970.ch10

Parkinson's Disease: Non-Motor and Non-Dopaminergic Features

Parkinson's Disease: Non-Motor and Non-Dopaminergic Features

How to Cite

Goetz, C. G. and Sampaio, C. (2011) Assessment of Non-Motor Features of Parkinson's Disease: Scales and Rating Tools, in Parkinson's Disease: Non-Motor and Non-Dopaminergic Features (eds C. W. Olanow, F. Stocchi and A. E. Lang), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444397970.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

  2. 4

    Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

  3. 5

    Robert and John M. Bendheim Parkinson's Disease Center, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

  4. 6

    Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Research Centre, Institute for Research and Medical Care, IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Rome, Italy

  5. 7

    Division of Neurology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

  6. 8

    Parkinson's Disease Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

  7. 9

    Movement Disorder Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA

  2. 2

    Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JUN 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 JUL 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405191852

Online ISBN: 9781444397970

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Keywords:

  • Parkinson's disease;
  • non-motor signs;
  • cognition;
  • hallucinations;
  • psychosis;
  • depression;
  • anxiety;
  • apathy;
  • dopamine dysregulation;
  • nocturnal sleep;
  • daytime sleepiness;
  • pain;
  • urinary symptoms;
  • constipation;
  • siallorhea;
  • lightheadedness;
  • fatigue

Summary

Implicit to the effective study of non-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD) is a well-developed and systematic rating method to detect the presence of symptoms and their severity. Three major and interlocking approaches have been utilized: scales to assess all aspects of PD, including subsections to detect non-motor symptoms; multi-dimensional non-motor scales that focus only on non-motor elements of PD, but which cover multiple domains; and specific scales that assess one aspect of the non-motor repertoire of disabilities. The Movement Disorder Society developed a Task Force on PD Rating Scales to review systematically scales relevant to PD. Several of these critiques concern non-motor disabilities. This chapter reviews representative scales from the three categories outlined and describes the methodology used by the MDS Task Force in its effort to guide clinicians and researchers on the best application of scales to assess non-motor elements of PD.