Chapter 5. Porous Hybrid Materials

  1. Prof. Dr. Guido Kickelbick
  1. Nicola Hüsing

Published Online: 19 FEB 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9783527610495.ch5

Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

How to Cite

Hüsing, N. (2006) Porous Hybrid Materials, in Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications (ed G. Kickelbick), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527610495.ch5

Editor Information

  1. Technische Universität Wien, Institut für Materialchemie, Getreidemarkt 9/165, 1060 Wien, Austria

Author Information

  1. University of Ulm, Inorganic Chemistry I, 89069 Ulm, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 FEB 2007
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527312993

Online ISBN: 9783527610495

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Keywords:

  • hybrid materials;
  • porous hybrid materials;
  • historical development;
  • post-synthesis modification;
  • liquid-phase modification;
  • addition of molecular compounds;
  • co-condensation reactions;
  • organic entity;
  • classification;
  • applications;
  • properties

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • General Introduction and Historical Development

    • Definition of Terms

    • Porous (Hybrid) Matrices

      • Microporous Materials: Zeolites

      • Mesoporous Materials: M41S and FSM Materials

      • Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs)

  • General Routes towards Hybrid Materials

    • Post-synthesis Modification of the Final Dried Porous Product by Gaseous, Liquid or Dissolved Organic or Organometallic Species

    • Liquid-phase Modification in the Wet Nanocomposite Stage or – for Mesostructured Materials and Zeolites – Prior to Removal of the Template

    • Addition of Molecular, but Nonreactive Compounds to the Precursor Solution

    • Co-condensation Reactions by the use of Organically-substituted Co-precursors

    • The Organic Entity as an Integral Part of the Porous Framework

  • Classification of Porous Hybrid Materials by the Type of Interaction

    • Incorporation of Organic Functions Without Covalent Attachment to the Porous Host

      • Doping with Small Molecules

      • Doping with Polymeric Species

      • Incorporation of Biomolecules

    • Incorporation of Organic Functions with Covalent Attachment to the Porous Host

      • Grafting Reactions

      • Co-condensation Reactions

    • The Organic Function as an Integral Part of the Porous Network Structure

      • ZOL and PMO: Zeolites with Organic Groups as Lattice and Periodically Mesostructured Organosilicas

      • Metal–Organic Frameworks

  • Applications and Properties of Porous Hybrid Materials