Chapter 2. Solid Acids and Bases as Catalysts

  1. Prof. Dr. Roger Arthur Sheldon,
  2. Dr. Isabel W. C. E. Arends and
  3. Dr. Ulf Hanefeld

Published Online: 12 APR 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9783527611003.ch2

Green Chemistry and Catalysis

Green Chemistry and Catalysis

How to Cite

Sheldon, R. A., Arends, I. W. C. E. and Hanefeld, U. (2007) Solid Acids and Bases as Catalysts, in Green Chemistry and Catalysis, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527611003.ch2

Author Information

  1. Biocatalysis and Organic Chemistry, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 APR 2007
  2. Published Print: 23 FEB 2007

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527307159

Online ISBN: 9783527611003



  • solid acids and bases as catalysts;
  • solid acid catalysis;
  • acidic clays;
  • zeolites and zeotypes;
  • organic synthesis;
  • solid base catalysis;
  • anionic clays;
  • hydrotalcites;
  • basic zeolites


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Solid Acid Catalysis

    • Acidic Clays

    • Zeolites and Zeotypes: Synthesis and Structure

    • Zeolite-catalyzed Reactions in Organic Synthesis

      • Electrophilic Aromatic Substitutions

      • Additions and Eliminations

      • Rearrangements and Isomerizations

      • Cyclizations

    • Solid Acids Containing Surface SO3H Functionality

    • Heteropoly Acids

  • Solid Base Catalysis

    • Anionic Clays: Hydrotalcites

    • Basic Zeolites

    • Organic Bases Attached to Mesoporous Silicas

  • Other Approaches