Chapter 10. Efficient Simulation of Spin Echo, Gradient Echo, Fast, and Ultrafast NMR Imaging Sequences by Isochromat Summation

  1. Prof. Dr. P. Blümler2,
  2. Prof. Dr. B. Blümich2,
  3. Prof. Dr. R. Botto3 and
  4. Dr. E. Fukushima4
  1. Pavel Shkarin and
  2. Richard G. S. Spencer

Published Online: 20 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9783527611843.ch10

Spatially Resolved Magnetic Resonance: Methods, Materials, Medicine, Biology, Rheology, Geology, Ecology, Hardware

Spatially Resolved Magnetic Resonance: Methods, Materials, Medicine, Biology, Rheology, Geology, Ecology, Hardware

How to Cite

Shkarin, P. and Spencer, R. G. S. (1998) Efficient Simulation of Spin Echo, Gradient Echo, Fast, and Ultrafast NMR Imaging Sequences by Isochromat Summation, in Spatially Resolved Magnetic Resonance: Methods, Materials, Medicine, Biology, Rheology, Geology, Ecology, Hardware (eds P. Blümler, B. Blümich, R. Botto and E. Fukushima), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527611843.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Lehrstuhl für Makromolekulare Chemie und Magnetic Resonance Center, MARC, RWTH Aachen, Worringer Weg 1, D-52074 Aachen, Germany

  2. 3

    Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439-4828 USA

  3. 4

    2425 Ridgecrest Dr. SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA

Author Information

  1. National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, 4940 Eastern Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 DEC 2007
  2. Published Print: 27 AUG 1998

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527296378

Online ISBN: 9783527611843

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Keywords:

  • spin echo;
  • gradient echo;
  • isochromat summation;
  • nuclear magnetic resonance imaging sequences;
  • simulate imaging sequences

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Limitations of the Imaging Equation and Advantages of Time-Domain Simulation

  • Basics of the Time-Domain Simulation: Effect of Hard Pulses and Free Precession

  • Required Number of Isochromats

  • Computation Outline

  • Spin-Warp Imaging

  • FLASH Imaging

  • Burst Imaging

  • PREVIEW Imaging

  • Conclusions