Chapter 3. The Necessary Conditions for Macroscopic Polarization

  1. Prof. Sven T. Lagerwall

Published Online: 21 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9783527613588.ch3

Ferroelectric and Antiferroelectric Liquid Crystals

Ferroelectric and Antiferroelectric Liquid Crystals

How to Cite

Lagerwall, S. T. (1999) The Necessary Conditions for Macroscopic Polarization, in Ferroelectric and Antiferroelectric Liquid Crystals, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527613588.ch3

Author Information

  1. Physics Department, Chalmers University of Technology, S-41296 Göteborg, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 DEC 2007
  2. Published Print: 23 SEP 1999

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527298310

Online ISBN: 9783527613588

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Keywords:

  • symmetry;
  • centrosymmetric;
  • geometrical;
  • physicists;
  • antiferroelectric

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Neumann and Curie Principles

  • Franz Neumann, Königsberg, and the Rise of Theoretical Physics

  • Neumann's Principle Applied to Liquid Crystals

  • The Surface-Stabilized State

  • Chirality and its Consequences

  • The Curie Principle and Piezoelectricity

  • Hermann's Theorem

  • The Importance of Additional Symmetries

  • Optical Activity and Enantiomorphism

  • Non-Chiral Polar and NLO-Active Liquid Crystals