Chapter 8. Quantum Technologies Based of Magnetism, Electron and Nuclear Spin, and Superconductivity

  1. Prof. Edward L. Wolf

Published Online: 4 JAN 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9783527618972.ch8

Nanophysics and Nanotechnology: An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Nanoscience, Second Edition

Nanophysics and Nanotechnology: An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Nanoscience, Second Edition

How to Cite

Wolf, E. L. (2006) Quantum Technologies Based of Magnetism, Electron and Nuclear Spin, and Superconductivity, in Nanophysics and Nanotechnology: An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Nanoscience, Second Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527618972.ch8

Author Information

  1. Polytechnic University Brooklyn, Othmer Department. ewolf@poly.edu

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 JAN 2008
  2. Published Print: 7 AUG 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527406517

Online ISBN: 9783527618972

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Keywords:

  • electronic devices;
  • communications technologies;
  • nanophysics;
  • magnetism;
  • electron

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Stern-Gerlach Experiment: Observation of Spin 1/2 Angular Momentum of the Electron

  • Two Nuclear Spin Effects: MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) and the “21.1 cm Line”

  • Hard and Soft Ferromagnets

  • The Origins of GMR (Giant agnetoresistance): Spin-dependent Scattering of Electrons

  • The GMR Spin Valve, a Nanophysical agnetoresistance Sensor

  • The Tunnel Valve, a Better (TMR) Nanophysical agnetic Field Sensor

  • Magnetic Random Access emory (MRAM)

  • Spin Injection: the Johnson-Silsbee Effect

  • Magnetic Logic Devices: a Majority Universal Logic Gate

  • Superconductors and the Superconducting (Magnetic) Flux Quantum

  • Josephson Effect and the Superconducting Quantum Interference Detector (SQUID)

  • Superconducting (RSFQ) Logic/Memory Computer Elements