Chapter 5. Extremophiles, the Physicochemical Limits of Life (Growth and Survival)

  1. Dr. Gerda Horneck and
  2. Dr. Petra Rettberg
  1. Helga Stan-Lotter

Published Online: 7 FEB 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9783527618996.ch5

Complete Course in Astrobiology

Complete Course in Astrobiology

How to Cite

Stan-Lotter, H. (2007) Extremophiles, the Physicochemical Limits of Life (Growth and Survival), in Complete Course in Astrobiology (eds G. Horneck and P. Rettberg), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527618996.ch5

Editor Information

  1. DLR, Inst. of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 FEB 2008
  2. Published Print: 23 FEB 2007

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527406609

Online ISBN: 9783527618996

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Keywords:

  • astrobiology;
  • extremophiles;
  • physicochemical limits of life;
  • growth;
  • survival;
  • history of life on earth;
  • extremophiles;
  • extreme environments;
  • microbial survival

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • A Brief History of Life on Earth

    • Early Earth and Microfossils

    • Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, and the Tree of Life

    • Some Characteristics of Bacteria and Archaea

      • Cell Walls, Envelopes, and Shape

      • Lipids and Membranes

  • Extremophiles and Extreme Environments

    • Growth versus Survival

    • The Search for Life on Mars: The Viking Mission

    • Temperature Ranges for Microorganisms

    • High-temperature Environments

      • Geography and Isolates

      • Molecular Properties of Hyperthermophiles

      • Early Evolution and Hyperthermophiles

      • Applications

    • Low-temperature Environments

      • Geography and Isolates

      • Molecular Adaptations

    • Barophiles or Piezophiles

    • High-salt Environments

      • Hypersaline Environments and Isolates

      • Viable Haloarchaea from Rock Salt

      • Molecular Mechanisms

      • Extraterrestrial Halite

    • Subterranean Environments

    • Radiation

  • Microbial Survival of Extreme Conditions

  • Conclusions

  • Further Reading

    • Books or Articles in Books

    • Articles in Journals

    • Web Sites

  • Questions for Students