Chapter VIII.3. Characterization Methods: Structural Studies of Liquid Crystals by X-Ray Diffraction

  1. Prof. D. Demus1,
  2. Prof. J. Goodby2,
  3. Prof. G. W. Gray3,
  4. Prof. H.-W. Spiess4 and
  5. Dr. V. Vill5
  1. John M. Seddon

Published Online: 11 APR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9783527620760.ch8c

Handbook of Liquid Crystals: Fundamentals, Volume 1

Handbook of Liquid Crystals: Fundamentals, Volume 1

How to Cite

Demus, D., Goodby, J., Gray, G. W., Spiess, H.-W. and Vill, V. (1998) Characterization Methods: Structural Studies of Liquid Crystals by X-Ray Diffraction, in Handbook of Liquid Crystals: Fundamentals, Volume 1, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527620760.ch8c

Author Information

  1. 1

    Veilchenweg 23, 06118 Halle, Germany

  2. 2

    School of Chemistry, University of Hull, Hull, HU6 7RX, U.K.

  3. 3

    Merck Ltd., Liquid Crystals, Merck House, Poole BH15 1TD, U.K.

  4. 4

    Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Ackermannweg 10, 55128 Mainz, Germany

  5. 5

    Institut für Organische Chemie, Universität Hamburg, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 APR 2008
  2. Published Print: 26 FEB 1998

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527292707

Online ISBN: 9783527620760

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Keywords:

  • X-ray diffraction;
  • liquid crystals;
  • powder diffraction;
  • electromagnetic radiation;
  • cybotatic clusters

Summary

The prelims comprise:

  • Introduction

  • Bragg's Law and Powder Diffraction

  • Diffraction Patterns: Unaligned and Aligned Samples

  • Diffracted Intensity: Molecular Transforms and Reciprocal Lattices

  • Translational Order

  • Nematic Phase

  • Smectic A and Smectic C Phases

  • Modulated and Incommensurate Fluid Smectic Phases

  • Twist Grain Boundary Phases

  • Hexatic Phases

  • Ordered Smectic Phases

  • Crystalline Packing and Conformation of Mesogens

  • Columnar Liquid Crystals

  • Liquid Crystal Polymers

  • References