Chapter 6. Options for Catalysis in the Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass into Fuels

  1. Prof. Gabriele Centi3 and
  2. Prof. Dr. Rutger A. van Santen4
  1. Sascha R. A. Kersten1,
  2. Wim P. M. van Swaaij1,
  3. Leon Lefferts2 and
  4. Kulathuiyer Seshan2

Published Online: 22 NOV 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9783527621118.ch6

Catalysis for Renewables: From Feedstock to Energy Production

Catalysis for Renewables: From Feedstock to Energy Production

How to Cite

Kersten, S. R. A., van Swaaij, W. P. M., Lefferts, L. and Seshan, K. (2007) Options for Catalysis in the Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass into Fuels, in Catalysis for Renewables: From Feedstock to Energy Production (eds G. Centi and R. A. van Santen), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527621118.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 3

    University of Messina, Department of Industrial Chemistry and Engineering of Materials, Salita Sperone 31, 98166 Messina, Italy

  2. 4

    Eindhoven University of Technology, Schuit Institute of Catalysis, Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Twente, Thermal-Chemical Conversion of Biomass (TCCB), Faculty of Science and Technology, JMPACT, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

  2. 2

    University of Twente, Catalytic Processes and Materials (CPM), Faculty of Science and Technology, JMPACT, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 NOV 2007
  2. Published Print: 22 AUG 2007

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527317882

Online ISBN: 9783527621118

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Keywords:

  • catalysis for renewables;
  • thermochemical conversion of biomass;
  • fuels;
  • biorefinery;
  • Biomass Pretreatment;
  • biomass gasification;
  • liquefaction of biomass;
  • Upgrading Pyrolysis Oil to Fuels;
  • hydrolysis

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Biomass as Feedstock for Fuels

  • Composition of Biomass

  • Biorefinery

  • Biomass Pretreatment

  • Thermochemical Conversion of Lignocelluloses

  • Biomass Gasification

    • Gasification of Dry Biomass

    • Catalytic Gasification of Pyrolysis Oil

    • Chemistry and Catalysis of Gasification

    • Gasification in Hot Compressed Water

  • Liquefaction of Biomass

    • Non-catalytic Pyrolysis

    • Catalytic Pyrolysis

    • Hydrothermal Liquefaction

  • Upgrading Pyrolysis Oil to Fuels

    • Decarboxylation (DCO)

    • Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO)

    • Cracking over Zeolites (FCC)

  • Hydrolysis

  • Underlying Approach for Catalyst Design

  • Summary

  • References