Chapter 10. Laccases–Oxidative Enzymes for Bioremediation of Xenotics and Inactivation of Bacillus Spores

  1. Dr. André Richardt3 and
  2. Dr. Marc-Michael Blum4,5
  1. Bärbel Niederwöhrmeier3,
  2. Lars Ostergaard1,
  3. Dr. André Richardt3 and
  4. Steffen Danielsen2

Published Online: 3 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9783527621620.ch10

Decontamination of Warfare Agents: Enzymatic Methods for the Removal of B/C Weapons

Decontamination of Warfare Agents: Enzymatic Methods for the Removal of B/C Weapons

How to Cite

Niederwöhrmeier, B., Ostergaard, L., Richardt, A. and Danielsen, S. (2008) Laccases–Oxidative Enzymes for Bioremediation of Xenotics and Inactivation of Bacillus Spores, in Decontamination of Warfare Agents: Enzymatic Methods for the Removal of B/C Weapons (eds A. Richardt and M.-M. Blum), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527621620.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 3

    German Armed Forces Institute for Protection Technology - NBC Protection, Business Area of Biological and Chemical Decontamination, Humboldtstr. 100, 29633 Munster, Germany

  2. 4

    University of Frankfurt, Institute of Biophysical Chemistry, Marie-Curie-Str. 9, 60439 Frankfurt, Germany

  3. 5

    Scientific Services, Ledererstrasse 23, D-80331 Munich, Germany

Author Information

  1. 1

    Novozymes A/S, Dept Protein Design, Krogshoejvej, 36, DK - 2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark

  2. 2

    Novozymes A/S, Molecular Biotechnology, Protein Design, Building 1U of. ce 1.20, Krogshøjvej 36, DK-2880 Bagsv æ rd, Denmark

  3. 3

    German Armed Forces Institute for Protection Technology - NBC Protection, Business Area of Biological and Chemical Decontamination, Humboldtstr. 100, 29633 Munster, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 23 JAN 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527317561

Online ISBN: 9783527621620

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Keywords:

  • decontamination;
  • warfare agents;
  • Laccasesoxidative enzymes;
  • bioremediation of Xenotics;
  • inactivation of Bacillus spores;
  • nomenclature;
  • distribution of Laccases;
  • general structure;
  • catalytic mechanism of Laccases;
  • Laccase-mediator-system (LMS);
  • heterologous expression;
  • laccase applications;
  • inactivation of spores

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Nomenclature

  • Distribution of Laccases

    • Distribution in Plants

    • Distribution in Fungi

    • Distribution in Prokaryotes

  • General Structure, Biochemical and Active Site Properties of Laccases

  • Catalytic Mechanism of Laccases

  • Laccase-Mediator-System (LMS)

  • Heterologous Expression of Laccases

  • Laccase Applications

    • Dye Degradation

    • Delignification and Biobleaching

    • Organic Synthesis

    • Wine and Beer Stabilization

    • Food Improvement

    • Biosensors

    • Bioremediation or Degradation of Xenobiotics Like Pesticides and Chemical Warfare Agents

      • Bioremediation of Xenobiotics

      • Biodegradation of Chemical Warfare Agents

  • Inactivation of Spores

    • Laccase Mediator System (LMS) for Inactivation of Bacillus anthraxis Spores

    • Regeneration of Different Mediators

    • Oxygen Consumption by Laccase-Mediator-System

    • Inactivation of Spores by Laccase-Mediator-Systems

      • Temperature Dependency for Spore Inactivation by Laccase-Mediator-Systems

      • Inactivation of Spores on Surfaces

  • Conclusions