Chapter 1. Parts of Biogas Plants

  1. Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dieter Deublein1 and
  2. Dipl.-Ing. Angelika Steinhauser2

Published Online: 21 FEB 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9783527621705.ch1e

Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources: An Introduction

Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources: An Introduction

How to Cite

Deublein, D. and Steinhauser, A. (eds) (2008) Parts of Biogas Plants, in Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources: An Introduction, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527621705.ch1e

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Deublein Consulting, International Management, Ritzingerstr. 19, 94469 Deggendorf, Germany

  2. 2

    8, Dover Rise Heritage View, Tower A #11-08, Singapore 138679, Singapore

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 FEB 2008
  2. Published Print: 20 FEB 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527318414

Online ISBN: 9783527621705

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Keywords:

  • biogas plant;
  • process engineering;
  • parts of biogas plants;
  • equipment

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Tanks and reactors

    • Brick tanks

    • Reinforced concrete tanks

    • Tanks of normal steel sheet metals with enamel layer or plastic coating

    • Tanks of stainless steel

    • Ground basin with plastic foil lining

  • Equipment for tempering the substrate

  • Thermal insulation

  • Piping system

  • Pump system

  • Measurement, control, and automation technology

    • Mechanisms for monitoring and regulation

      • Dry matter concentration in the substrate

      • Organic dry matter content and/or total organic carbon (TOC)

      • Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)

      • Chemical oxygen demand (COD)

      • Degree of decomposition

      • Acid value

      • Determination of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus compounds)

      • Sludge (volume) index (ISV)

      • Ignition loss

      • Biogas yield and quality

    • Equipment to secure the operatability

      • Foaming

      • Blockage

    • Safety devices for humans and the environment

      • Safety device before the gas flare

      • Overpressure and negative pressure safety device

  • Exhaust air cleaning