Chapter 2. The Basics of Catalysis

  1. Dr. Gadi Rothenberg

Published Online: 3 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9783527621866.ch2

Catalysis: Concepts and Green Applications

Catalysis: Concepts and Green Applications

How to Cite

Rothenberg, G. (2008) The Basics of Catalysis, in Catalysis: Concepts and Green Applications, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527621866.ch2

Author Information

  1. Van't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands www.science.uva.nl/˜gadi

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 29 JAN 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527318247

Online ISBN: 9783527621866

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • catalysis;
  • green chemistry;
  • kinetic phenomenon;
  • reaction rates;
  • reaction orders;
  • rate equations;
  • rate-determining steps;
  • Langmuir–Hinshelwood kinetics;
  • steady-state approximation;
  • Michaelis–Menten kinetics

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Catalysis is a Kinetic Phenomenon

    • Reaction Rates, Reaction Orders, Rate Equations, and Rate-Determining Steps

      • The Reaction Order

      • The Rate-Determining Step

    • The Reaction Profile and the Reaction Coordinate

    • Zero-Order, First-Order, and Second-Order Kinetics

      • Zero-Order Rate Equations

      • First-Order Rate Equations

      • Second-Order Rate Equations

    • Langmuir–Hinshelwood Kinetics

    • The Steady-State Approximation

    • Michaelis–Menten Kinetics

    • Consecutive and Parallel First-Order Reactions

    • Pre-Equilibrium, “Catalyst Reservoirs,” and Catalyst Precursors

  • Practical Approaches in Kinetic Studies

    • Initial Reaction Rates and Concentration Effects

      • Concentration Effects

    • Creating Pseudo Order Conditions

    • What You See versus What You Get

    • Learning from Stoichiometric Experiments

  • An Overview of Some Basic Concepts in Catalysis

    • Catalyst/Substrate Interactions and Sabatier's Principle

    • Catalyst Deactivation, Sintering, and Thermal Degradation

      • Catalyst Deactivation

      • Catalyst Sintering and Thermal Degradation

    • Catalyst Inhibition

      • Catalyst Poisoning

  • Exercises

  • References