Chapter 4. Heterogeneous Catalysis

  1. Dr. Gadi Rothenberg

Published Online: 3 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9783527621866.ch4

Catalysis: Concepts and Green Applications

Catalysis: Concepts and Green Applications

How to Cite

Rothenberg, G. (2008) Heterogeneous Catalysis, in Catalysis: Concepts and Green Applications, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527621866.ch4

Author Information

  1. Van't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands www.science.uva.nl/˜gadi

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 29 JAN 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527318247

Online ISBN: 9783527621866

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Keywords:

  • catalysis;
  • green chemistry;
  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • classic gas/solid systems;
  • liquid/solid system;
  • liquid/liquid catalytic systems

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Classic Gas/Solid Systems

    • The Concept of the Active Site

    • Model Catalyst Systems

    • Real Catalysts: Promoters, Modifiers, and Poisons

    • Preparation of Solid Catalysts: Black Magic Revealed

      • High-Temperature Fusion and Alloy Leaching

      • Slurry Precipitation and Co-precipitation

      • Impregnation of Porous Supports

      • Hydrothermal Synthesis

      • Drying, Calcination, Activation, and Forming

    • Selecting the Right Support

    • Catalyst Characterization

      • Traditional Surface Characterization Methods

      • Temperature-Programmed Techniques

      • Spectroscopy and Microscopy

    • The Catalytic Converter: an Example from Everyday Life

    • Surface Organometallic Chemistry

  • Liquid/Solid and Liquid/Liquid Catalytic Systems

    • Aqueous Biphasic Catalysis

    • Fluorous Biphasic Catalysis

    • Biphasic Catalysis Using Ionic Liquids

    • Phase-Transfer Catalysis

  • Advanced Process Solutions Using Heterogeneous Catalysis

    • The BP AVADA Ethyl Acetate Process

    • The ABB Lummus/Albemarle AlkyClean Process

    • The IFP and Yellowdiesel Processes for Biodiesel Production

    • The ABB Lummus/UOP SMART Process

  • Exercises

  • References