Chapter 2. Ultrasonic Energy as a Tool for Sample Treatment for the Analysis of Elements and Elemental Speciation

  1. Prof. José-Luis Capelo-Martínez
  1. Hugo Miguel Santos,
  2. Carlos Lodeiro and
  3. Prof. José-Luis Capelo-Martínez

Published Online: 9 NOV 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9783527623501.ch2

Ultrasound in Chemistry: Analytical Applications

Ultrasound in Chemistry: Analytical Applications

How to Cite

Santos, H. M., Lodeiro, C. and Capelo-Martínez, J.-L. (2008) Ultrasonic Energy as a Tool for Sample Treatment for the Analysis of Elements and Elemental Speciation, in Ultrasound in Chemistry: Analytical Applications (ed J.-L. Capelo-Martínez), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527623501.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Universidade Nova de Lisboa REQUIMTE, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnología, 2829-516 Monte de Caparica, Portugal

Author Information

  1. Universidade Nova de Lisboa REQUIMTE, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnología, 2829-516 Monte de Caparica, Portugal

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 NOV 2009
  2. Published Print: 26 NOV 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527319343

Online ISBN: 9783527623501

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Keywords:

  • elemental analysis;
  • element speciation;
  • sample matrix;
  • solid–liquid extraction;
  • ultrasound

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Parameters Influencing Element Ultrasonic Solid–Liquid Extraction

  • US-SLE from Soils and Sediments

  • US-SLE from Sewage Sludge

  • US-SLE Extraction from Plants

  • Extraction from Soft Tissues

  • Total Element Determination

  • Elemental Fractionation and Elemental Speciation

  • On-Line Applications

  • Current Trends

  • Conclusion

  • References