Chapter 16. Properties, Synthesis and Applications of Highly Dispersed Metal Oxide Catalysts

  1. Prof. S. David Jackson and
  2. Dr. Justin S. J. Hargreaves
  1. Juncheng Hu1,
  2. Lifang Chen2 and
  3. Ryan Richards2

Published Online: 26 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9783527626113.ch16

Metal Oxide Catalysis

Metal Oxide Catalysis

How to Cite

Hu, J., Chen, L. and Richards, R. (2008) Properties, Synthesis and Applications of Highly Dispersed Metal Oxide Catalysts, in Metal Oxide Catalysis (eds S. D. Jackson and J. S. J. Hargreaves), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527626113.ch16

Editor Information

  1. University of Glasgow, Department of Chemistry, WestCHEM, Joseph Black Building, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United Kingdom

Author Information

  1. 1

    South Central University for Nationalities, Key Laboratory of Catalysis and Materials Sciences of the State, Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, Wuhan, 430074, China

  2. 2

    Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, 304 Coolbaugh Hall, Golden, CO 80401, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 15 OCT 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527318155

Online ISBN: 9783527626113

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Keywords:

  • Highly dispersed metal oxide catalysts;
  • Nanoparticles;
  • Crystal defects;
  • Synthesis techniques;
  • Alkane oxidation;
  • Alkene metathesis

Summary

Nano-scale metal oxides represent an important class of material, owing to their chemical and physical properties as well as their potential widespread applications. While a great deal of knowledge about these materials has developed during recent years, an atomic/molecular level understanding of the materials, their chemistry and their preparation will greatly impact their future. Metal oxides display a wide range of properties, from metallic to semiconductor to insulator. Owing to the compositional variability and their more localized electronic structures compared to metals, the presence of defects (such as corners, kinks, steps and coordinatively unsaturated sites) play a very important role in oxide surface chemistry and hence in catalysis. This chapter presents an overview of structures, properties, synthetic methods and applications in catalysis for highly dispersed metal oxides, with special attention given to recent developments in nano-scale metal oxides.