Chapter 20. Catalytic Ammoxidation of Hydrocarbons on Mixed Oxides

  1. Prof. S. David Jackson and
  2. Dr. Justin S. J. Hargreaves
  1. Fabrizio Cavani1,
  2. Gabriele Centi2 and
  3. Philippe Marion3

Published Online: 26 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9783527626113.ch20

Metal Oxide Catalysis

Metal Oxide Catalysis

How to Cite

Cavani, F., Centi, G. and Marion, P. (2008) Catalytic Ammoxidation of Hydrocarbons on Mixed Oxides, in Metal Oxide Catalysis (eds S. D. Jackson and J. S. J. Hargreaves), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527626113.ch20

Editor Information

  1. University of Glasgow, Department of Chemistry, WestCHEM, Joseph Black Building, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United Kingdom

Author Information

  1. 1

    Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale, e dei Materiali, Viale Risorgimento 4, 40136 Bologna, Italy

  2. 2

    Università di Messina, Dipartimento di Chimica, Industriale ed Ingegneria dei, Materiali, Salita Sperone 31, 98166 Messina, Italy

  3. 3

    RHODIA Recherches et Technologie, Pole Grands Procédés Spécialités, Industrielles, CRTL, 85, Rue des Frères Perret, 69190 Saint Fons, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 15 OCT 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527318155

Online ISBN: 9783527626113



  • ammoxidation;
  • acrylonitrile;
  • SOHIO process;
  • multi-component catalysts;
  • fluidized-bed reactor;
  • metal antimonates


Catalytic ammoxidation of hydrocarbons is a main area of application of mixed oxides. This chapter, after an introduction on the economical relevance of this area and of the industrial trends, discuss in detail the following aspects: (i) the propene and propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile from the points of view of the catalyst and process technology, (ii) the synthesis of aromatic nitriles and phthalimide by gas phase ammoxidation, and (iii) the ammoxidation of unconventional molecules (linear aliphatic hydrocarbons to maleonitrile and fumaronitrile, cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone to adiponitrile, n-hexane and cyclohexane to adiponitrile, bemzene to C4 and C6 unsaturated dinitriles and ethane to acetonitrile).