Chapter 4. Basics of Quantum Mechanics

  1. Prof. Dr. Markus Reiher and
  2. Dr. Alexander Wolf

Published Online: 22 JUN 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9783527627486.ch4

Relativistic Quantum Chemistry: The Fundamental Theory of Molecular Science

Relativistic Quantum Chemistry: The Fundamental Theory of Molecular Science

How to Cite

Reiher, M. and Wolf, A. (2009) Basics of Quantum Mechanics, in Relativistic Quantum Chemistry: The Fundamental Theory of Molecular Science, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527627486.ch4

Author Information

  1. ETH Zuerich, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, Hoenggerberg Campus, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 10, 8093 Zuerich, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 JUN 2009
  2. Published Print: 14 JAN 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527312924

Online ISBN: 9783527627486

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Keywords:

  • quantum mechanics;
  • basics;
  • quantum mechanical state;
  • equation of motion;
  • angular momentum;
  • rotations;
  • Pauli antisymmetry principle

Summary

The study of matter at a molecular and sub-molecular level requires a quantum mechanical framework. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the essential concepts and notation of quantum theory needed to understand the development of relativistic many-electron quantum mechanics. This introductory overview starts from basic axioms with a focus on the nonrelativistic theory. Gauge and Lorentz invariance properties as introduced in the classical theory are then discussed for the basic quantum mechanical equations in the following two chapters.