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1 An Overview of Combustion Diagnostics

Part 2. Combustion Diagnostics and Pollutants

  1. Alfred Leipertz1,
  2. Sebastian Pfadler1,
  3. Robert Schießl2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628148.hoc021

Handbook of Combustion

Handbook of Combustion

How to Cite

Leipertz, A., Pfadler, S. and Schießl, R. 2010. An Overview of Combustion Diagnostics. Handbook of Combustion. 2:1:1–50.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Institute of Engineering and Thermodynamics, Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT), Erlangen, Germany

  2. 2

    University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Karlsruhe, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

Abstract

In this chapter, several of the diagnostic techniques commonly used to investigate combustion phenomena are reviewed, and a brief survey is provided of the mechanical probing techniques used to measure temperature, flow velocity, pressure and species concentrations (including flue gas diagnostics). The chapter includes an overview of optical techniques used for flow diagnostics, species concentration and temperature measurements in reacting flows. The use of imaging and multidimensional diagnostics for typical structures in the combustion field is also outlined. The simultaneous use of different planar measurement techniques describes state-of-the-art of laser diagnostics in combustion research, and the potential for laser-diagnostics to validate these approaches, as used in numerical simulations.

Keywords:

  • Combustion diagnostics;
  • local and spatial resolution;
  • invasive and non-invasive techniques;
  • visualization techniques;
  • absorption and emission spectroscopy;
  • laser-induced fluorescence and phosphorescence;
  • Mie scattering;
  • Rayleigh scattering;
  • linear and nonlinear Raman scattering;
  • laser-induced incandescence;
  • multidimensional and multiparameter laser diagnostics