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14 CO2 Greenhouse Gas Formation and Capture

Part 2. Combustion Diagnostics and Pollutants

  1. Hsunling Bai,
  2. Mani Karthik

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628148.hoc034

Handbook of Combustion

Handbook of Combustion

How to Cite

Bai, H. and Karthik, M. 2010. CO2 Greenhouse Gas Formation and Capture. Handbook of Combustion. 2:14:375–402.

Author Information

  1. National Chiao Tung University, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2), which is emitted inevitably from the combustion of fossil fuels, has attracted increasing attention because of its potential impact on global climate change. To accurately quantify and mitigate the greenhouse gas effect, there is a need to understand the formation mechanism of CO2 during the combustion processes, and to identify feasible means of reducing its emission. In this chapter the fundamental concepts of chemical equilibrium, chemical kinetics as well as stoichiometric fuel/air ratios which affect CO2 formation during combustion processes are described in detail. Based on a basic understanding of the CO2 formation theory, the typical amounts and concentration ranges of CO2 emitted to the atmosphere are estimated. In addition, CO2-reduction strategies and technologies are briefly described, and emerging CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technologies also addressed.

Keywords:

  • Carbon dioxide;
  • greenhouse gases;
  • global warming;
  • carbon dioxide capture and storage;
  • renewable energy;
  • sequestration;
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)