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Zeolites in Catalysis

Part 2. Heterogeneous Catalysis

  1. Stephen H. Brown

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc013

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Brown, S. H. 2010. Zeolites in Catalysis. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 2:1:1–36.

Author Information

  1. EMRE CSR, Annandale, NJ, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

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Abstract

Zeolite catalysts are commonly used tools for the production of fuels and petrochemicals from crude oil and natural gas. The active site in a zeolite catalyst is typically a Brønsted acid. This chapter reviews the mechanisms of acid-catalyzed reactions of hydrocarbons. When these reactions take place inside the pores of zeolite catalysts, steric constraints influence the product distribution. This is often referred to as shape selectivity. Various types of zeolite shape selectivity are illustrated using important industrial reactions.

Keywords:

  • zeolites;
  • catalysis;
  • shape selectivity;
  • petrochemicals;
  • hydrocarbons