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Sustainable Heterogeneous Acid Catalysis by Heteropoly Acids

Part 2. Heterogeneous Catalysis

  1. Ivan Kozhevnikov

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc019

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Kozhevnikov, I. 2010. Sustainable Heterogeneous Acid Catalysis by Heteropoly Acids. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 2:7:153–174.

Author Information

  1. University of Liverpool, Department of Chemistry, Liverpool, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

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Heterogeneous acid catalysis by heteropoly acids (HPAs) has the potential for substantial economic and green benefits. The aim of this chapter is to discuss the perspectives of acid catalysis by solid HPAs, focusing in particular on several approaches that could help to achieve sustainable catalyst performance. These approaches include developing novel HPA catalysts possessing high thermal stability, modification of HPA catalysts to enhance coke combustion, inhibition of coke formation on HPA catalysts during operation and reactions in supercritical fluids and cascade reactions using multifunctional HPA catalysis.


  • heteropoly acid;
  • heterogeneous acid catalysis;
  • catalyst regeneration