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Chemistry in Near- and Supercritical Water

Part 4. Supercritical Solvents

  1. Andrea Kruse,
  2. G. Herbert Vogel

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc046

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Kruse, A. and Vogel, G. H. 2010. Chemistry in Near- and Supercritical Water. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 4:457–475.

Author Information

  1. Technische Universität Darmstadt, Ernst-Berl-Institut für Technische und Makromoleculare Chemie, Darmstadt, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

Abstract

The sections in this article are

  • Introduction
  • Properties
  • Synthesis Reactions (1, 3-5)
    • Hydrations
    • Hydrolysis
      • Esters
      • Ethers
      • Amides
    • Dehydrations
    • Condensations
    • Diels–Alder Reactions
    • Rearrangements
    • Partial Oxidations
    • Reductions
    • Organometallic Reactions
  • Biomass Conversion
    • Platform Chemicals
      • Carbohydrates
      • Lignin
      • Proteins
    • Oil, Gases, Coke
  • Supercritical Water Oxidation (SCWO)
  • Inorganic Compounds in NSCW
    • Particle Formation
    • Corrosion
    • Unwanted Salt Precipitation and Salt Plugging
    • Poisoning of Heterogeneous Catalysts
  • Conclusion
  • Future Trends

Keywords:

  • supercritical fluid;
  • near-critical water;
  • supercritical water;
  • organic synthesis;
  • biomass conversion