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Green Bases in Water

Part 5. Reactions in Water

  1. José M. Fraile,
  2. Clara I. Herrerías,
  3. José A. Mayoral

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc049

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Fraile, J. M., Herrerías, C. I. and Mayoral, J. A. 2010. Green Bases in Water. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 5:3:57–73.

Author Information

  1. Universidad de Zaragoza-CSIC, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Química Orgánica, Zaragoza, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010


The number of examples that can be considered as green efforts towards the use of bases in combination with water is rather small. The chapter has been divided in two main blocks, that is, liquid-liquid processes (base dissolved in the reaction medium) and solid-liquid processes (use of a solid base), showing in each case the use of stoichiometric or catalytic amounts of base.


  • bases;
  • water;
  • solvent;
  • catalyst;
  • liquid–liquid processes;
  • solid–liquid processes;
  • green chemistry