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Water as a Green Solvent for Bulk Chemicals

Part 5. Reactions in Water

  1. Ferenc Joó1,
  2. Ágnes Kathó2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc059

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Joó, F. and Kathó, Á. 2010. Water as a Green Solvent for Bulk Chemicals. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 5:13:385–408.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Debrecen, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Research Group of Homogeneous Catalysis, Debrecen, Hungary

  2. 2

    University of Debrecen, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Debrecen, Hungary

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

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Abstract

Bulk chemicals industry rely mostly on heterogeneous catalysis; nevertheless, there are also several homogeneous processes applying soluble catalysts. This chapter describes those transition metal complex-catalyzed processes for bulk chemicals in which the use of water as a solvent is a key element of technology and catalyst recovery. Water is used as the solvent in the biphasic hydroformylation of propene with a water-soluble rhodium–sulfonated triphenylphosphine catalyst (the Ruhrchemie–Rhône-Poulenc process) and in the telomerization of butadiene and water with a water-soluble Pd(II)–phosphine catalyst (Kuraray process). These processes are described in detail and compared with those in which organic solvents are used. Other hydroformylation processes treated in this chapter use water as a solvent for induced phase separation and/or extraction. In general, the use of water allowed efficient catalyst recovery and recycle with losses in the lower ppb range and dramatic simplifications of technologies. In addition to its other advantageous properties, the non-flammability and high heat capacity of water are outstandingly important characteristics for safety and in designing technological process details in the production of large quantities of chemicals. The overall result is characterized by improved economics and substantially reduced environmental impact.

Keywords:

  • hydroformylation;
  • hydrodimerization;
  • biphasic processes;
  • water;
  • catalysis;
  • bulk chemicals;
  • green chemistry

Featured Compounds

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Compound 3
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 1
Molecular Weight:262.2855
Molecular Formula:C18H15P
InChIKey:RIOQSEWOXXDEQQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 2
Molecular Weight:550.6082
Molecular Formula:C38H32P2
InChIKey:SZKMTZNASRXXCE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 4
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 5
Molecular Weight:1213.5432
Molecular Formula:C74H102O10P2
InChIKey:UMFNEUDJMVTLJC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 6
Molecular Weight:520.5978
Molecular Formula:C34H33O3P
InChIKey:RFUHQYFOJUXFKX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 7
Molecular Weight:364.33
Molecular Formula:C18H15NaO3PS
InChIKey:NTUROZDXWLPVHB-UHFFFAOYSA-M
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Compound 8
Molecular Weight:568.421
Molecular Formula:C18H15Na3O9PS3
InChIKey:MYAJTCUQMQREFZ-UHFFFAOYSA-K
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Compound 9
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:(CH2)nC12H10NaO3PS
InChIKey:WLSVBVVNGZZHPK-UHFFFAOYSA-M
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