Standard Article

Ionic Liquids in the Manufacture of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural from Saccharides. An Example of the Conversion of Renewable Resources to Platform Chemicals

Part 6. Ionic Liquids

  1. Annegret Stark,
  2. Bernd Ondruschka

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc063

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Stark, A. and Ondruschka, B. 2010. Ionic Liquids in the Manufacture of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural from Saccharides. An Example of the Conversion of Renewable Resources to Platform Chemicals. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 6:4:93–121.

Author Information

  1. Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Institut für Technische Chemie und Umweltchemie, Jena, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

Abstract

The sections in this article are

  • Introduction
    • Areas of Application for HMF and its Derivatives
      • Direct Uses of HMF
      • Derivatives of HMF
    • Summary: Application of HMF and Its Derivatives
  • HMF Manufacture
    • General Aspects of HMF Manufacture
    • Methods of Manufacture of HMF from Fructose
    • Methods of Manufacture of HMF from Sugars Other Than Fructose
    • Deficits in HMF Manufacture
  • Goals of Study
  • HMF Manufacture in Ionic Liquids – Results of Detailed Studies in the Jena Laboratories
    • Temperature
    • Concentration and Time
    • Effect of Water
    • Effect of Purity
    • Effect of the Choice of Ionic Liquid
    • Other Saccharides
    • Continuous Processing of HMF
  • Conclusion

Keywords:

  • ionic liquids;
  • 5-hydroxyfurfural;
  • saccharides;
  • fructose;
  • green chemistry