Standard Article

Design of Inherently Safer Ionic Liquids: Toxicology and Biodegradation

Part 6. Ionic Liquids

  1. Marianne Matzke1,
  2. Jürgen Arning2,
  3. Johannes Ranke2,
  4. Bernd Jastorff2,
  5. Stefan Stolte2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc069

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Matzke, M., Arning, J., Ranke, J., Jastorff, B. and Stolte, S. 2010. Design of Inherently Safer Ionic Liquids: Toxicology and Biodegradation. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 6:10:233–298.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Bremen, UFT – Centre for Environmental Research and Technology, Bremen, Germany

  2. 2

    University of Bremen, UFT – Centre for Environmental Research and Technology, Bremen, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.

Abstract

The sections in this article are

  • Introduction
    • The T-SAR Approach and the “Test Kit” Concept
    • Strategy for the Design of Sustainable Ionic Liquids
  • (Eco)toxicity of Ionic Liquids
    • Influence of the Side Chain
    • Influence of the Head Group
    • Influence of the Anion
    • Toxicity of Ionic Liquids as a Function of the Surrounding Medium
    • Combination Effects
    • (Quantitative) Structure–Activity Relationships and Modes of Toxic Action
    • Conclusion
  • Biodegradability of Ionic Liquids
    • Introduction
    • Testing of Biodegradability
    • Results from Biodegradation Experiments
      • Biodegradability of Ionic Liquid Anions
      • Biodegradability of Imidazolium Compounds
      • Pyridinium and 4-(Dimethylamino)pyridinium Compounds
      • Biodegradability of Other Head Groups
    • Misleading Interpretation of Biodegradation Data
    • Metabolic Pathways of Ionic Liquid Cations
    • Abiotic Degradation
    • Outlook
  • Conclusion
    • Toxicity and (Eco)toxicity of Ionic Liquids
    • Biodegradability of Ionic Liquids
    • The Goal Conflict in Designing Sustainable Ionic Liquids
    • Final Remarks

Keywords:

  • ionic liquids;
  • safety;
  • biodegradation;
  • toxicology;
  • ecotoxicity;
  • green chemistry