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Life-Cycle Concepts for Sustainable Use of Engineered Nanomaterials in Nanoproducts

Part 9. Designing Safer Chemicals

  1. Bernd Nowack,
  2. Fadri Gottschalk,
  3. Nicole C. Mueller,
  4. Claudia Som

Published Online: 15 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9783527628698.hgc102

Handbook of Green Chemistry

Handbook of Green Chemistry

How to Cite

Nowack, B., Gottschalk, F., Mueller, N. C. and Som, C. 2012. Life-Cycle Concepts for Sustainable Use of Engineered Nanomaterials in Nanoproducts. Handbook of Green Chemistry. 9:8:227–249.

Author Information

  1. EMPA – Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, St. Gallen, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2012

Abstract

The sections in this article are

  • Introduction
  • Life-Cycle Perspectives in Green Nanotechnologies
  • Release of Nanomaterials from Products
  • Exposure Modeling of Nanomaterials in the Environment
  • Designing Safe Nanomaterials
  • Conclusion

Keywords:

  • engineered nanomaterials;
  • nanoproducts;
  • life-cycle;
  • exposure monitoring;
  • safer chemicals;
  • green chemistry