1. Understanding the “Commoneome” Operative in Plants in Response to Various Abiotic Stresses

  1. Dr. Narendra Tuteja3,4,
  2. Dr. Sarvajeet Singh Gill3,5,
  3. Prof. Antonio F. Tiburcio6 and
  4. Dr. Renu Tuteja3
  1. Hemant R. Kushwaha1,
  2. Sneh L. Singla-Pareek3,
  3. Sudhir K. Sopory3 and
  4. Ashwani Pareek2

Published Online: 30 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9783527632930.ch1

Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress, Volume 1 & Volume 2

Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress, Volume 1 & Volume 2

How to Cite

Kushwaha, H. R., Singla-Pareek, S. L., Sopory, S. K. and Pareek, A. (2012) Understanding the “Commoneome” Operative in Plants in Response to Various Abiotic Stresses, in Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress, Volume 1 & Volume 2 (eds N. Tuteja, S. S. Gill, A. F. Tiburcio and R. Tuteja), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527632930.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 3

    International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Plant Molecular Biology Group, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, India

  2. 4

    MD University, Centre for Biotechnology, Rohtak 124 001, Haryana, India

  3. 5

    Aligarh Muslim University, Department of Botany, Aligarh 202 002, Uttar Pradesh, India

  4. 6

    Universitat de Barcelona, Unitat de Fisiologia Vegetal, Facultat de Farmàcia, Av. Joan XXIII, S/N, 08028 Barcelona, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    Jawaharlal Nehru University, Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, School of Computational and Integrative Sciences, New Delhi 110 067, India

  2. 2

    Jawaharlal Nehru University, School of Life Sciences, Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology Laboratory, New Delhi 110 067, India

  3. 3

    International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Plant Molecular Biology Group, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 14 MAR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527328406

Online ISBN: 9783527632930

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Keywords:

  • commoneome;
  • comparative genomics;
  • salinity stress;
  • salt stress tolerance;
  • microarray;
  • transcriptome

Summary

Environmental conditions do play a major role in the overall development and productivity of various crop species, but the exact relationship between the two has not been clearly defined. One of the major limiting factors in today's agriculture is salinity, which has not only led to loss of crop productivity but has also surmounted the economical loss. Various transgenic approaches have been undertaken to identify and establish the association between the stress tolerance of various crop plants and their environment. But limited success has been achieved because of the complex interplay of various genes and gene families in stress tolerance mechanism. Latest technological advancements such as genome sequencing and high-throughput expression profiling experiments have produced large amount of data, which can assist in elucidating stress responsive network of various genes and gene families related to stress tolerance. A newly established area commonly known as comparative genomics has laid the foundation for comparing various contrasting cultivars, in order to understand the mechanism of differential tolerance and susceptibility. A “commoneome” between various plant species can fill the gaps that have till now inhibited the knowledge of complex interplay of various genes. Earlier, commoneome between Arabidopsis, rice, and common ice plant has been analyzed, but in order to have a broader perspective, commoneome has been worked out from the barrier of monocot/dicot divide. Thus, this chapter would not only benefit the identification of newer gene families in plant species but also assist in hypothesizing various transgenic varieties with better stress tolerance.