2. Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: An Industry Perspective

  1. Dr. Narendra Tuteja2,3,
  2. Dr. Sarvajeet Singh Gill2,4,
  3. Prof. Antonio F. Tiburcio5 and
  4. Dr. Renu Tuteja2
  1. Shoba Sivasankar,
  2. Robert W. Williams and
  3. Thomas W. Greene

Published Online: 30 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9783527632930.ch2

Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress, Volume 1 & Volume 2

Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress, Volume 1 & Volume 2

How to Cite

Sivasankar, S., Williams, R. W. and Greene, T. W. (2012) Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: An Industry Perspective, in Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress, Volume 1 & Volume 2 (eds N. Tuteja, S. S. Gill, A. F. Tiburcio and R. Tuteja), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527632930.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 2

    International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Plant Molecular Biology Group, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, India

  2. 3

    MD University, Centre for Biotechnology, Rohtak 124 001, Haryana, India

  3. 4

    Aligarh Muslim University, Department of Botany, Aligarh 202 002, Uttar Pradesh, India

  4. 5

    Universitat de Barcelona, Unitat de Fisiologia Vegetal, Facultat de Farmàcia, Av. Joan XXIII, S/N, 08028 Barcelona, Spain

Author Information

  1. Pioneer Hi-Bred International, A DuPont Company, 7250 NW 62nd Avenue, Johnston, IA 50131, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 14 MAR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527328406

Online ISBN: 9783527632930

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Keywords:

  • abiotic stress tolerance;
  • comparative genomics;
  • computational biology;
  • global profiling;
  • molecular evolution;
  • phenomics

Summary

After insect resistance and herbicide resistance, agronomic traits that define the extent and stability of economic yield are becoming recognized as the next-generation plant biotechnology traits. The stability of yield is determined by the tolerance of the plant to abiotic stresses, such as drought, cold, salt, and heat. Considerable research in the public and private sectors is devoted to the development of abiotic stress tolerance in plants, a good component of this being at the level of high-throughput gene discovery and gene evaluation. A functional relationship to stress tolerance has been demonstrated in model plant species for roughly 200 genes over the past 30 years. The challenge is to translate this functional efficacy to field performance, as demonstrated in reduced yield loss under stress. In addition, the extent of yield stability conferred by individual genes must be enhanced to the level at which it becomes commercially viable. While the complexity and multigene nature of abiotic stress tolerance make it a challenging undertaking, early indications of success are evident from research in both the plant biotechnology industry and the academia. In this chapter, we describe the various approaches to gene discovery used for abiotic stress tolerance, and discuss the challenges of high-throughput phenomics under controlled environment conditions. We conclude with a brief overview of the recent breakthroughs in abiotic stress research in the plant biotechnology industry.