4. Langmuir–Blodgett–Kuhn Multilayer Assemblies: Past, Present, and Future of the LB Technology

  1. Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Knoll3 and
  2. Prof. Dr. Rigoberto C. Advincula4
  1. Débora T. Balogh1,
  2. Marystela Ferreira2 and
  3. Osvaldo N. Oliveira1

Published Online: 7 JUN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9783527638482.ch4

Functional Polymer Films: 2 Volume Set

Functional Polymer Films: 2 Volume Set

How to Cite

Balogh, D. T., Ferreira, M. and Oliveira, O. N. (2011) Langmuir–Blodgett–Kuhn Multilayer Assemblies: Past, Present, and Future of the LB Technology, in Functional Polymer Films: 2 Volume Set (eds W. Knoll and R. C. Advincula), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527638482.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 3

    AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Donau-City-Straße 1, 1220 Vienna, Austria

  2. 4

    University of Houston, Department of Chemistry, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 136 Fleming Bldg., Houston, TX 77204-5003, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Universidade de São Paulo (USP) Instituto de Física de São Carlos (IFSC) Av. Trabalhador São-carlense, 400 CP 369, 13560-970 São Carlos São Paulo, Brazil

  2. 2

    Rodovia João Leme dos Santos Km 110 - SP - 264, Bairro do Itinga Sorocaba, São Paulo, CEP 18.052-780, Brazil

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 JUN 2011
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527321902

Online ISBN: 9783527638482



  • Langmuir–Blodgett method;
  • multilayer assemblies;
  • molecular-recognition process;
  • sensing and biosensing;
  • signal processing and data storage


The Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) method was inspired on the very concepts of manipulation and control at themolecular level that are so pervasive in what is now referred to as nanoscience and nanotechnology. Originally created to produce organized structures of amphiphilic molecules, the LB technique has been extended to a wide variety ofmolecules – evenmacromolecules – that are assembled in a layer-by-layer fashion, whose properties normally differ considerably from those obtained with the same material in a bulk or thick film. For many years it was believed that industrial applications of LB films would be realized in consumer products, with the inherent advantage of molecular architecture control in thin films. This expectation was not fulfilled for reasons that we shall discuss in this chapter. Instead, the LB method has become a unique tool to investigate molecular-level interactions, being extensively used in proof-of-principle experiments for many applications. In this chapter, after providing a historical background of the LB methodology and describing the experimental procedures for film fabrication and characterization, we concentrate on examples that highlight the uniqueness of LB films. Emphasis will be placed on the use of LB films in studying molecular-recognition processes, in sensing and biosensing, and in signal processing and optical storage.