2. Hierarchically Nanostructured Biological Materials

  1. Qiang Zhang and
  2. Fei Wei
  1. Jong Seto1,2,
  2. Ashit Rao3 and
  3. Helmut Cölfen3

Published Online: 11 APR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9783527664948.ch2

Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials

Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials

How to Cite

Seto, J., Rao, A. and Cölfen, H. (2014) Hierarchically Nanostructured Biological Materials, in Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials (eds Q. Zhang and F. Wei), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527664948.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Tsinghua University, Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Reaction Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Beijing 100084, China

Author Information

  1. 1

    Ècole Normale Superiéure, Department of Chemistry, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005, Paris, France

  2. 2

    University of Konstanz, Physical Chemistry, Universitätstrasse 10, 78457, Konstanz, Germany

  3. 3

    University of Konstanz, Physical Chemistry and Konstanz Research School of Chemical Biology, Universitätstrasse 10, 78457, Konstanz, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 APR 2014
  2. Published Print: 26 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527333462

Online ISBN: 9783527664948



  • biological composites;
  • organic–inorganic interfaces;
  • biomineralization;
  • structural and mechanical anisotropy;
  • bioinspired materials design


Biological materials are complex organic–inorganic hybrid materials having characteristic superior functional properties. Most spectacular is the ability for these materials to undergo the processes of growth, development, and regeneration directed by an external stimulus. And in many of these materials, a diversity of structural organizations from the nanometer to the millimeter length scales can be found to create a hierarchically nanostructured bulk material. Complexity is an understatement to describe the structure and function of these biological materials. We attempt to fully understand the superior performances of these biological materials here by drawing attention to the assembly and construction schemes of these nanostructured materials found in nature.