4. Three Types of Network Complexity Pyramid

  1. Matthias Dehmer2,
  2. Abbe Mowshowitz3 and
  3. Frank Emmert-Streib3
  1. Jin-Qing Fang,
  2. Yong Li and
  3. Qiang Liu

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9783527670468.ch04

Advances in Network Complexity

Advances in Network Complexity

How to Cite

Fang, J.-Q., Li, Y. and Liu, Q. (2013) Three Types of Network Complexity Pyramid, in Advances in Network Complexity (eds M. Dehmer, A. Mowshowitz and F. Emmert-Streib), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527670468.ch04

Editor Information

  1. 2

    UMIT, Institut für Bioinformatik und, Translationale Forschung, Eduard-Wallnöfer-Zentrum 1, 6060 Hall in Tyrol, Austria

  2. 3

    The City College of New York, Department of Computer Science, 138th Street at Convent Avenue, New York, NY 10031, USA

Author Information

  1. China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275-68, Beijing, 102413, China

  1. Parts of this chapter have previously been printed in [38], reprinted with kind permission.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 10 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527332915

Online ISBN: 9783527670468



  • generalized Farey organized network pyramid (GFONP);
  • life's complexity pyramid (LCP);
  • network model complexity pyramid (NMCP);
  • unified hybrid network theory framework


This chapter focuses on three types of network complexity pyramid (NCP) with complexity—diversity and university—simplicity, which exist extensively in nature, human society, living systems, and animal world. The first type of the NCP is the life's complexity pyramid (LCP) in life science, which was first proposed by Zoltvai and Barabasi. They pointed out that “the topologic properties of cellular networks share surprising similarities with those of natural and social networks. This suggests that universal organizing principles apply to all networks, from the cell to the WWW.” The second type is the network model complexity pyramid (NMCP) proposed by Fang and his colleagues, which is based on a profound analysis for network model development progress and is combined with the unified hybrid network theory framework. The third type of the NCP is the generalized Farey organized network pyramid (GFONP) suggested by the authors.