12. Metros as Biological Systems: Complexity in Small Real-life Networks

  1. Matthias Dehmer2,
  2. Abbe Mowshowitz3 and
  3. Frank Emmert-Streib3
  1. Sybil Derrible

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9783527670468.ch12

Advances in Network Complexity

Advances in Network Complexity

How to Cite

Derrible, S. (2013) Metros as Biological Systems: Complexity in Small Real-life Networks, in Advances in Network Complexity (eds M. Dehmer, A. Mowshowitz and F. Emmert-Streib), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527670468.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 2

    UMIT, Institut für Bioinformatik und, Translationale Forschung, Eduard-Wallnöfer-Zentrum 1, 6060 Hall in Tyrol, Austria

  2. 3

    The City College of New York, Department of Computer Science, 138th Street at Convent Avenue, New York, NY 10031, USA

Author Information

  1. Future of Urban Mobility Inter-Disciplinary Research Group, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, 1 CREATE Way #09-01/02, CREATE Tower, Singapore, 138602, Singapore

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 10 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527332915

Online ISBN: 9783527670468



  • biological systems;
  • interpreting complexity;
  • metro networks;
  • network centrality


This chapter focuses on understanding one special type of small network: metro systems. It describes how complexity can be interpreted in small networks, notably by adapting traditional concepts. This is accompanied by a practical application, where one specific aspect of metros is put under scrutiny and is being thoroughly evaluated. The chapter concludes by highlighting that small networks exhibit highly interesting and insightful properties. Transit systems in particular are relevant since they are likely to grow significantly in the future, and knowledge of their complex properties can help planners and engineers design the systems of tomorrow.