35. In Vitro Culture of Plants from Arid Environments

  1. Narendra Tuteja2 and
  2. Sarvajeet S. Gill3
  1. Harchand R. Dagla,
  2. Shari Nair,
  3. Deepak K. Vyas and
  4. Juleri M. Upendra

Published Online: 8 NOV 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9783527675265.ch35

Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance

How to Cite

Dagla, H. R., Nair, S., Vyas, D. K. and Upendra, J. M. (2013) In Vitro Culture of Plants from Arid Environments, in Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance (eds N. Tuteja and S. S. Gill), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi: 10.1002/9783527675265.ch35

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Plant Molecular Biology Group, International Center for Genetic, Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067,India

  2. 3

    221, Stress Physiology & Molecular Biology Lab, Centre for Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak 124001, Haryana, India

Author Information

  1. Jai Narain Vyas University, Department of Botany, Plant Biotechnology & Molecular Biology Laboratory, New Campus, Jodhpur, 342008, Rajasthan, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 NOV 2013
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527334919

Online ISBN: 9783527675265

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Keywords:

  • arid environment;
  • Blepharis sindica;
  • Haloxylon recurvum;
  • Haloxylon salicornicum;
  • Leptadenia pyrotechnica

Summary

Plant genetic resources are crucial in feeding the world's population and ensuring environmental sustainability. Increasing population and industrialization is a major cause of depletion of plant genetic resources. This is further aggravated by climate change that is predicted to increase the severity of droughts in ecosystems worldwide. Climate change has become a hot issue due to concerns about the effect on plant resources, biodiversity, and global food security. Propagation and conservation of stress-tolerant plant species will help in maintaining biodiversity and mitigating the adverse effect of climate change. The Indian Thar Desert harbors many wild plant species that are better adapted to adverse environmental conditions, and are a source of food supplements, fiber, fuel, and medicines. Thus, there is a need to promote and strengthen maintenance, sustainable use, and conservation of valuable plant species for sustainable development. Plant cell, tissue, and organ culture techniques are providing an alternate approach for screening, mass multiplication, and conservation of elite or selected plants. The present chapter provides a brief account of the economic importance and in vitro culture of some underutilized plants from arid environments.