Challenges and Opportunities for Language Learning in the Context of the CCSS and the NGSS


  • Kenji Hakuta,

  • María Santos,

  • Zhihui Fang


In this column, Kenji Hakuta and Mario Santos described the challenges and opportunities the Common Core State Standards and the Next Generation Science Standards present for language development in the context of English language arts/literacy, mathematics, and science. They heightened educators' awareness of the critical role language plays in literacy, learning, and assessment, suggesting that a focus on language is especially important for English Language Learners in their development of content area literacies.