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Keywords:

  • Comprehension ;
  • Content literacy ;
  • Fluency ;
  • Literature ;
  • Selection criteria;
  • Motivation/engagement ;
  • Expectations;
  • Self-efficacy;
  • Strategies, methods, and materials ;
  • Istructional strategies, teaching strategies;
  • Struggling learners ;
  • Achievement gap;
  • Theoretical perspectives ;
  • Vygotskian;
  • Vocabulary ;
  • Practice exposure wide reading;
  • To learners in which of the following categories does your work apply? ;
  • Childhood

Abstract

Challenging texts can be made accessible to students by increasing the level of instructional scaffolding. This article describes evidence-based models of shared reading that support reading development across the elementary years. Shared Reading Experience (Holdaway, 1982), Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (Stahl & Heubach, 2005), think-alouds, and high-level discussion enable students to successfully read texts that might be considered frustration level if relying upon traditional criteria for determining difficulty.