• Content literacy ;
  • Specific subject areas (math art etc.) ;
  • Strategies, methods, and materials ;
  • Instructional strategies, teaching strategies ;
  • To learners in which of the following categories does your work apply? ;
  • Childhood


The integration of literacy in science education has been supported by both literacy and science researchers and educators. Recent federal initiatives such as the Common Core State Standards and A Framework for K-12 Science Education have also emphasized the need to integrate literacy and science. However, few tools exist to help educators think about how to integrate best literacy practices into their science lessons. PONG Cycles is an argument-to-learn framework for teaching and learning science that can be used to integrate all aspects of literacy (speaking, listening, reading, writing and viewing). An explanation of PONG Cycles, along with implications and suggestions for its use in the upper elementary classroom, is provided.