Both authors contributed equally to this article.
Sex Differences in Workplace Aggression: An Investigation of Moderation and Mediation Effects
Article first published online: 16 FEB 2005
© 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 31, Issue 3, pages 254–270, June 2005
How to Cite
Rutter, A. and Hine, D. W. (2005), Sex Differences in Workplace Aggression: An Investigation of Moderation and Mediation Effects. Aggr. Behav., 31: 254–270. doi: 10.1002/ab.20051
- Issue published online: 30 MAR 2005
- Article first published online: 16 FEB 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 DEC 2003
- Manuscript Received: 9 JUN 2003
- workplace aggression;
- sex differences;
- aggression expectancies;
- aggression self-control
This study examined sex differences in three types of workplace aggression previously identified by Baron et al. : expressions of hostility, obstructionism, and overt aggression. Males reported engaging all three types of workplace aggression more often than females. The magnitude of the sex differences was nearly identical across aggression types. Path analyses revealed the relationship between sex and expressions of hostility was mediated by respondents' expectancies about the potential costs and benefits of engaging in this type of aggression. Expected benefit was the sole mediator of the sex-obstructionism and sex-overt aggression relationships. Finally, perceived self-control over aggressive impulses significantly predicted all three types of aggressive behaviour, but it was unrelated to sex and therefore did not operate as a mediator. Aggr. Behav. 00:00–00, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.