Do we forgive physical aggression in the same way that we forgive psychological aggression?
Article first published online: 3 OCT 2005
© 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 31, Issue 6, pages 559–570, December 2005
How to Cite
Gauché, M. and Mullet, E. (2005), Do we forgive physical aggression in the same way that we forgive psychological aggression?. Aggr. Behav., 31: 559–570. doi: 10.1002/ab.20108
- Issue published online: 14 OCT 2005
- Article first published online: 3 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 APR 2004
- Manuscript Received: 9 DEC 2003
- This work was supported by the Laboratory of Cognition and Decision (Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes) and the UMR Travail et Cognition
- physical aggression;
- psychological aggression;
- functional theory of cognition
The present study examined variations in the impact of social proximity, apologies, intent to harm, cancellation of consequences, and attitude of others on the willingness to forgive an aggressor as a function of the type of aggression—physical aggression or psychological aggression. The participants were instructed to express their willingness to forgive in two contexts—physical aggression and psychological aggression—which constituted a within-subject factor. Five sets of scenarios corresponding to the five between-subject factors (from social proximity to intent to harm) were used. Participants were 215 adults aged 17–60 years. As hypothesized, the cancellation of the consequences had less impact, and the apologies and the intent to harm had more impact, on the willingness to forgive in the case of physical aggression than in the case of psychological aggression. This result was a robust one; it did not depend on the participant's gender and age. Aggr. Behav. 00:1–12, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.