Reactive, but not proactive aggression predicts victimization among boys
Article first published online: 10 APR 2007
© 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 33, Issue 3, pages 198–206, May/June 2007
How to Cite
Salmivalli, C. and Helteenvuori, T. (2007), Reactive, but not proactive aggression predicts victimization among boys. Aggr. Behav., 33: 198–206. doi: 10.1002/ab.20210
- Issue published online: 19 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 10 APR 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 FEB 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 3 FEB 2007
- Manuscript Received: 12 JAN 2007
- The study was part of the project “Relational schemata, social goals, and social adjustment in childhood and in adolescence”, funded by the Academy of Finland. Grant Number: project 202554/68884.
- reactive aggression;
- proactive aggression;
- longitudinal study;
- gender differences
Prospective links among reactive aggression, proactive aggression, and victimization by peers were investigated in a longitudinal sample of 238 preadolescents (aged 10–13 years, 52% girls). No predictive links were found between victimization and either type of aggression among girls. Among boys, reactive aggression predicted higher future levels of victimization but was not itself affected by prior victimization. In contrast, boys' proactive aggression predicted lower levels of future victimization and was itself reduced by their prior victimization. Finally, reactive aggression predicted later proactive aggression for both boys and girls. These results are explained in terms of the different reactions that others have to proactive and reactive aggression, the different functions they serve, and to the different types of aggression that are common for boys and girls. Aggr. Behav. 33:1–9, 2007. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.