Mindfulness as a means of reducing aggressive behavior: dispositional and situational evidence
Article first published online: 7 MAY 2008
© 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 34, Issue 5, pages 486–496, September/October 2008
How to Cite
Heppner, W. L., Kernis, M. H., Lakey, C. E., Campbell, W. K., Goldman, B. M., Davis, P. J. and Cascio, E. V. (2008), Mindfulness as a means of reducing aggressive behavior: dispositional and situational evidence. Aggr. Behav., 34: 486–496. doi: 10.1002/ab.20258
- Issue published online: 30 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 7 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 DEC 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 10 DEC 2007
- Manuscript Received: 17 MAR 2007
- NSF. Grant Number: BCS-0451029
Recent research and theory suggest that mindfulness, or enhanced attention and awareness in the present moment [Brown and Ryan, 2003], may be linked to lower levels of ego-involvement and, as a result, may have implications for lowering hostility and aggressive behavior. Accordingly, we conducted two studies to examine the potential aggression-mitigating role of mindfulness. In Study 1, we found that dispositional mindfulness correlated negatively with self-reported aggressiveness and hostile attribution bias. In Study 2, participants made mindful before receiving social rejection feedback displayed less-aggressive behavior than did rejected participants not made mindful. Discussion centers on potential mechanisms by which mindfulness operates to reduce aggressive behavior. Aggr. Behav. 34:486–496, 2008. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.